Archaeological site of Cava Cana Barbara or Cannavambrara
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Archaeological site of Cava Cana Barbara or Cannavambrara

A necropolis from the Bronze Age was located on the walls of the valley and a rock settlement from the Byzantine age was located near it. The prehistoric tombs, about thirty, are from the Ancient Bronze Age, with the exception of a sepulcher, containing about a hundred skeletons, which was used until the Middle Bronze Age. The grottoni of the Byzantine age have dry stone walls with partial closure of the entrance and internal adaptations, such as niches, hollows, holes for posts. The glazed pottery collected near the caves has documented its use up to the Middle Ages. On the left side of the quarry, a series of holes for poles have been referred to a village of Neo-Eeneolithic huts, also attested by fragments of stone tools in flint, obsidian and quartzite scattered on the surface.

Area of ​​archaeological interest, art. 142 letter m) Legislative Decree 42/04

Bibliographic sources:

Orsi P., Agnone (Municipality of Augusta), "NSc" 1899 a, pp. 277-278; id. Necropolis and Sicilian transition stations. II. Burial ground of Cava Cana Barbara (Syracuse), "BPI", XXVIII, 1902c, pp. 184-190. Bernabò Brea L., Sicily before the Greeks, 1958, p. 107; Uggeri G., The medieval rock settlements. Problems of method and research perspectives, 1974, p.210; Messina A., The rock churches in Syracuse, 1979, p.81; Russo I.-Gianino P.- Lanteri R., Augusta and neighboring territories, I, Prehistory, From the Upper Palaeolithic to pre-colonization, 1996, pp. 57-60. Lanteri R., Augusta and its territory, elements for an archaeological map, 1997, p.16-17. Guidelines 1999, Map of archaeological sites, n. 205.

Area of ​​archaeological interest, art. 142 letter m) Legislative Decree 42/04

(Source text of survey form n.1 Landscape Plan of the Province of Syracuse - Archaeological Heritage)

PRESS: Well cataloged but partially geolocated. We invite you to provide your contribution by providing us with useful information that will allow us to geo-locate the listed asset. See also "Cultural Heritage to be Geolocated"

Archaeological Heritage Sheets Landscape Plan of Syracuse

Bibliography and further in-depth documents:

100) FIRST SICILY - AT THE ORIGINS OF SICILIAN SOCIETY - volume first edited by Sebastiano Tusa Palermo 1997.

Ignazio Caloggero: Sicily between History, Myths and Legends. Vol. 1: From Prehistory to the Phoenicians. First edition 2018 - Revised and updated edition of 2022

Ignazio Caloggero:

History of Sicily - 1.2. Paleolithic and Mesolithic:

History of Sicily - 1.2.1: Religious sentiments and burials in the Paleolithic and Mesolithic

History of Sicily - 1.2.2: Art in the Paleolithic and Mesolithic

History of Sicily - 1.2.3: Archaeological sites of the Sicilian Paleolithic and Mesolithic

History of Sicily - 1.3.1: Neolithic and the birth of agriculture in Sicily

History of Sicily - 1.3.2: Religiosity and Burials in the Neolithic Period

History of Sicily - 1.3.3: Art in the Neolithic

History of Sicily - 1.3.4: Neolithic Sites List

History of Sicily - 1.4.1: The development of metallurgy

History of Sicily - 1.4.2: Social and cultural development

History of Sicily - 1.4.3: Burials during the Metal Age

History of Sicily - 1.4.4:  Religious sentiments during the metal age

History of Sicily - 1.4.5:  Art during the metal age
History of Sicily - 1.4.6:  List of sites of the Eneolithic period
History of Sicily - 1.4.7:  List of Bronze Age sites

Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero

Information contributions: Web, Region of Sicily 

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