European Biodiversity Strategy
The European Union (EU) has adopted a strategy to protect and improve the state of biodiversity in Europe over the next decade. This strategy includes six objectives in relation to the main causes of biodiversity loss and which will make it possible to reduce the impacts on nature.
Vision for 2050
By 2050, the European Union's biodiversity and the ecosystem services it offers - the EU's natural capital - will be protected, valued and duly restored for their intrinsic biodiversity value and their fundamental contribution to human well-being and prosperity. economic, in order to avoid catastrophic changes linked to the loss of biodiversity.
Key goal for 2020
End the loss of Biodiversity and the degradation of ecosystem services in the EU by 2020 and restore them as far as possible, while intensifying the EU contribution to averting the loss of Biodiversity worldwide.
[accordion title = "The six priority objectives"]
[accordion-item title = "Objective 1: preserve and restore the natural environment"]
The EU must ensure that directives are fully implemented Birds e Habitat. These two directives are the backbone of European biodiversity policy. So far they have favored some important achievements such as the creation of Natura 2000, the world's largest network of protected areas covering more than 750 km000. However, progress is still insufficient to ensure that the conservation status of all habitats and species of European interest is satisfactory. To achieve the first objective of this strategy, Member States need to implement existing legislation more consistently. In particular, they must ensure the management and restoration of the sites Nature 2000, investing the necessary resources. These actions will help halt the loss of biodiversity and ensure its restoration by 2020.
[accordion-item title = "Objective 2: preserve and enhance ecosystems and their services"]
In the EU, many ecosystems and their services have been degraded, mainly due to the fragmentation of land holdings. Objective 2 aims to maintain and improve ecosystem services, as well as restore degraded ecosystems (at least 15% by 2020) by integrating green infrastructure into land use planning.
On 6 May 2013, the Commission adopted a Communication on Green Infrastructure which describes, in particular, the key elements of the future European strategy in this area, including:
the promotion of green infrastructure in relevant policy areas (cohesion policy, policies on climate change and the environment, health and consumer protection, CAP (Common Agricultural Policy), etc.);
the improvement of information, knowledge and innovation to encourage the implementation of green infrastructure;
improving access to finance for green infrastructure projects;
feasibility studies for green infrastructure projects on a European scale.
By 2015, the Commission will also propose an initiative to prevent any net loss of ecosystems and related services.
[accordion-item title = "Objective 3: ensure the sustainability of agriculture and forestry"]
The instruments foreseen under the CAP should contribute to maximizing the agricultural areas cultivated with grassland, arable land and permanent crops that are subject to biodiversity measures by 2020.
By 2020, forest management plans or equivalent instruments will be implemented for all publicly owned forests and for forest holdings larger than a certain area. Such plans will need to ensure sustainable forest management in order to be eligible for funding under the EU's rural development policy.
The measures taken to ensure sustainable management in both sectors must also contribute to the achievement of objectives 1 and 2 of the strategy.
[accordion-item title = "Objective 4: ensure the sustainable use of fishery resources"]
The measures taken as part of the reform of the common fisheries policy should make it possible to achieve maximum sustainable yield by 2015. For this, it is essential to achieve a distribution of the population by age and size, indicative of a stock in good condition. Thanks to fisheries management without negative effects on other stocks, species and ecosystems, it will be possible to achieve good ecological status by 2020, in line with the Marine Strategy Framework Directive.
[accordion-item title = "Objective 5: combat invasive alien species"]
With the exception of legislation relating touse in aquaculture of exotic and locally absent species, there is currently no specific comprehensive policy at EU level to combat alien or invasive species. However, these species are a major threat to European biodiversity. It is therefore necessary to classify them, isolate them or eradicate them, and control their introduction to avoid the emergence of new species. To this end, the Commission intends to fill policy gaps in the fight against invasive alien species through an ad hoc legislative instrument.
[accordion-item title = "Objective 6: manage the global biodiversity crisis"]
The EU must step up its contribution to the fight against global biodiversity loss by delivering on the commitments made at the 10th Conference of the Parties (COP 10) of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity, held in Nagoya in 2010. In on the occasion of this conference, the EU has committed to:
achieve the objectives set by the World Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020;
implement the Nagoya protocol on access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits deriving from their use (APA protocol); And
mobilize additional funding resources to address the challenge of protecting biodiversity around the world.
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European Biodiversity Strategy