History of Sicily
As can be seen from the table, the Paleolithic age (or chipped stone age) is commonly divided into three periods. Each period in turn includes various epochs whose denomination originates from the places where finds of a certain interest or specific characteristics were found for the first time. For example, when it comes to the Upper Paleolithic we have.
- Uluziano: from the site excavated in the Cavallo cave located in the Bay of Uluzzo (Lecce).
- Aurignacian: from the site excavated in the Aurignac cave (Haute-Garonne) in France.
- Gravettiano: from the site identified in the La Gravette shelter (Bayac, Dordogne) in France.
- Sauveterriano: from the Sauveterre la Lemanche site in France.
The dating system was affected by the fact that scholars were mainly able to have a relative chronology (which determines the order in which the different cultures of which traces are found, without being able to fix a date expressed in figures ). Only since the end of World War II, essentially thanks to new laboratory techniques, have chronometric dating methods been developed that have revolutionized the absolute chronology of prehistoric times.
The Mesolithic can be considered as the transition period between the Paleolithic and the Neolithic.
The Neolithic (or polished stone age) is the most recent period of the stone age. With this term we also want to indicate the beginning in which human civilization begins to practice agriculture, passing from an activity of collecting natural products to that of production. From the Neolithic onwards, the periodization is differentiated according to the region, as the socio-cultural and technological innovations that justify the terms of Neolithization and the age of metals occur at different times according to the various regions.
CHRONOLOGICAL SCHEME FOR SICILY AND MAIN CULTURAL FACIES
History of Sicily by Ignazio Caloggero