Examples of Parks and Archaeological Areas

Let's see, by way of example, a brief overview of parks and archaeological areas among the most visited in the world and in Italy

 Great Wall (China)

Great Wall of China, an impressive work whose construction began in the third century BC. More than 8000 kilometers long, as well as being a UNESCO heritage site (1987), it is also considered one of the seven wonders of the modern world. It attracts around 10 million visitors every year 

Pyramids of Giza (Egypt)

The most famous and immortalized pyramids of Egypt are those of Giza, about 20 km from Cairo. 4 million tourists a year come here to take a look at these archaeological wonders, which also include the only one of the seven wonders of the world right up to us: the Pyramid of Cheops, built well over 2.500 years before Christ. And not far away, guarding the funerary monuments, the Great Sphinx is the largest monolithic statue in human history. Its face and its function remain a mystery today, as well as many of the features starting from the construction methods 

 Acropolis of Athens

Il Parthenon it is just one of the numerous temples that can be admired on the Acropolis, the fortress of Athens which sees around 2 million visitors every year. The buildings all date back to the XNUMXth century. to. C., even if the Parthenon has preserved the traces of the Christian church built inside the pagan temple. The attentive visitor will see the holes on the facade of the structure where the letters of an inscription in honor of the emperor Nero were once fixed.

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  Ephesus (Turkey)

Roman province and one of the most important centers in the Mediterranean as regards trade, culture and religion: Ephesus, in Turkey, but at the ancient time Anatolia, still today preserves an imposing archaeological site where you can admire the theater, the public baths, the beautiful facade of the Celsus Library. 2 million tourists a year come here, in the place where one of the seven wonders of the world once stood: the Temple of Artemis, unfortunately destroyed (only one column remains).

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 Chichen Itza (Mexico)

Chichen Itza is an imposing and fundamental Mayan archaeological complex, dating back to the period between the sixth and eleventh centuries. One of the best preserved attractions is the Kukulkan Pyramid. Each year it receives around 1,4 million visitors.

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 Stonehenge (England)

Known throughout the world not only for its aesthetic beauty but also for the many mysteries that have not yet been solved, Stonehenge, in southern England, attracts 1,1 million visitors every year. Not only tourists and school groups, but also today's followers of the Druidic religion who celebrate their rites here.

Machu Picchu (Peru)

It is the best known archaeological site in Peru and probably in all of South America: Machu Picchu, a famous Inca location dating back to 1438. It is located in the Urubamba valley at over 2000 meters high. In addition to the grandiose Machu-Picchu, the archaeological park includes 34 other sites linked together by the Royal Way. The last part of the route is open to trekking.

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 Ancient Rome


Ancient Rome between the Colosseum and the Forum attracts about 6 million visitors every year.


Pompeii, destroyed by an eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD and today one of the most visited archaeological sites in the world, with 2,5 million visits a year. Lately it has been at the center of the news for some episodes of collapses that do not honor Italy, given that such a site does not exist anywhere else in the world.

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© Helios Study Center

Archaeological Sicily

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