Prehistoric village of Baravitalla
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Prehistoric village of Baravitalla



The Contrada Baravitalla is located in the northern part of the Cava d'Ispica, to the east of the Cava rises a rocky plateau, seat of the small necropolis of the Castellucian village of Baravitalla. On the latter site a real fortified village and a necropolis with about fifty tombs with artificial caves was found, one of these tombs, near a farm, is the "Tomb with fake pillars" characterized by 10 fake plates obtained on the sides of the entrance: 5 to the left and 5 to the right of the entrance. The elevation about 3,80 meters wide is 1,15 meters high. The tomb consists of two rooms, divided by a second door: an oval antechamber and a funerary room of the "oven" type with a height of mt. 1 and with diameter equal to mt. 2 and 1,5. (The aforementioned Masseria has the following coordinates: Lat. 36.51.34 Long. 14.49.49). During the early Bronze Age, the iblei area is strongly characterized by the so-called Castelluccio culture. Examples of the use of the façade of the tomb with false pillars obtained from the rock are a Lazzaro quarry o Cava grande (between Modica and Rosolini), a Cava D'Ispica - Calicantone and, precisely to Cava D'Ispica - Baravitalla. In south-eastern and southern Sicily there are hundreds of settlements belonging to the Castellucian period, sometimes only a few kilometers away from each other, some of these sites are: Branco Grande and Paolina, Castiglione, district on the road between Comiso and Ragusa, Monte Tabuto and Monte Racello near Cannicarao, Paraspola and Aranci , near Chiaramonte Gulfi, Monte Sallia, Cava dei Servi, between Frigintini and S. Giacomo, Ragusa Ibla, S. Croce Camerina. 

Chronology: XIX-XIV century. B.C

Site subject to archaeological constraint: DA       97        Data     12/01/1985

Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero

Photo: Ignazio Caloggero

Information contributions: Web, Region of Sicily

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