Archaeological site in Quarantamigliara
Necropolis of the Middle Bronze Age; area where archaic Greek pottery was found; traces of ancient caries; necropolis of the Roman Imperial age; hypogeum and finds from late antiquity. (A2.2).
On the western side of Monte Tauro, between Quarantamigliara and Pezza Grande, there was a prehistoric necropolis, later destroyed by quarries. Until a few years ago, eight tholos tombs dug into the rock survived, typologically classifiable in the Middle Bronze Age. In front of a
fragments of black-figure pottery were collected from the tombs. In the area in front of the main tombs, there is a road with carriageways embedded in the rock. The existence of pit burials dug into the rock in the flat area at the foot of Monte Tauro was reported by Strazzulla in the flat area at the foot of Monte Tauro, but the news is not confirmed by any findings. In surface reconnaissance, only achromatic ceramic fragments and the remains of streaked tiles from the late ancient age were recovered. However, in the short plain on the edge of the southern slope of the Mount, a small necropolis was explored, consisting of six burial tombs with a rectangular pit dug into the limestone rock, dated according to the kits between the end of the XNUMXst century. to. C. and the III century. d. C. The rite of cremation was documented by an ustrinum in which the fragmentary and burnt bones were confused with the remains of at least two clay balsamari. The necropolis, which falls within a private property, is no longer visible, as shown by the investigations conducted in the area a few years ago. These investigations made it possible to identify, instead, some stretches of carriageways carved into the limestone along the southern slopes of Monte Tauro. At the base of the limestone cliff there is a hypogeum, which, although considerably altered, seems to be attributable to late antiquity, given the presence, in one of the two rooms that made it up, of a sort of quay and small recesses for oil lamps on the walls.
Strazzulla V., History and archeology of Trotilon, Xifonia, and other sites near Augusta di Sicilia, 1899, p. 441; Dear GV, Augusta. Burials from the Augustan age to the third century. AD, “FastiA”, X, 1955, p.4303; Lanteri, Ancient settlements in the territory of Augusta: the tholoi of Monte Tauro, “Aitna-Quaderni di topografia Antica”, 1,1994, pp.11-21; Russo I.-Gianino P.-Lanteri R., Augusta and neighboring territories, I, Prehistory, From the Upper Palaeolithic to Pre-colonization, 1996, pp. 155-157; Lanteri R., Augusta and its territory, elements for an archaeological map, 1997, pp. 57-61; Guidelines 1999, Archeol Sites Map. n. 219.
Area of archaeological interest, art. 142 letter m) Legislative Decree 42/04
(Source text of survey form n.8 Landscape Plan of the Province of Syracuse - Archaeological Heritage)
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Archaeological Heritage Sheets Landscape Plan of Syracuse
Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero
Information contributions: Web, Region of Sicily
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