Greenhouses of Monte Cannarella (ITA060013)
Site type: SAC - Special Conservation Area
Code: ITA060013 - Hectares: 1222
The site, which extends for 903 hectares, falls within the territory of the municipality of Enna. The soils are clayey. On the slope facing north the soils, however balanced,
have an excess of the sandy component. On the surface of the soil in the southern part emerge rocky spikes made up of limestone, chalky limestone and
gypsum dating back to the precipitation of solute in a closed basin in the Messinian. The climate is dry mesomediterranean in the southern
north side according to the terminology of Rivas Martinez. The site has very different characters depending on the exposure. In the parts exposed to the south yes
they present vegetational forms of arid habitat afferent to the pseudostepps dominated by Ampelodesmos mauritanica or Hyparrenia hirta. Rarely and only on
washed out clayey soils appear formations dominated by Lygeum spartum. Where the chalky substrate is decidedly outcropping, they appear in great purity
Coridothymus capitatus formations with a cortege of Micromeria graeca, Cachrys sicula, Petrorhagia illyrica, Asperula cynanchica, Seseli tortuosum var.
tortuosum, Bonannia graeca, Matthiola fruticulosa subsp. coronopifolia, Odontites rigidifolius var. citardae. In the parts exposed to the north there are forms
degraded from deciduous oaks to Quercus virgiliana. The slopes frequently have Q. virgiliana seedlings, a fact indicative of the tendency to
reconstitution of the oak wood. The oaks are accompanied by Fraxinus ornus, Crataegus monogyna, Ulmus minor, Buplerum fruticosum, Senecio lycopifolius,
Circummediterranea fescue, Euphorbia characias.
4.2Quality and importance
Important outcrop of a Messinian evaporitic succession dominated by pseudosteppes with perennial and annual Thero-Brachypodietea and
Tuberarietea guttatae The presence of the three endemic Matthiola fruticulosa subsp. coronopifolia, Bonannia graeca (also present in Greece)
and Odontites rigidifolius var. citardae. An indicator of the possibility of recovery by climacic vegetation is represented by the presence on the slope
north of various orchids including: Barlia robertiana, Ophrys bertolonii, Ophrys bombyliflora, Ophrys lutea, Orchis italica.
places, the site nevertheless plays an important ecological role as a biodiversity reservoir and ecological corridor. Noteworthy is the presence of the Lanner and a
good number of endemic and sometimes rare invertebrate species, linked to xeric and subxeric open environments.
Source: Ministry of the Environment Natura 2000 form
Ministerial data: Natura 2000 form
Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero
Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Region of Sicily