Serra del Leone and Monte Stagnataro (ITA020028)
Site type: SAC - Special Conservation Area
Code: (ITA020028) - Hectares: 3750
The SIC area is located in the orographic complex of the Sicani Mountains, where it covers a total area of about 3750 hectares, in the municipal areas of Castronovo di Sicilia, Prizzi (province of Palermo) and S. Stefano Quisquina (province of Agrigento). It includes the ridge culminating in the summit of Cozzo Stagnataro 1346 m), as well as Serra del Leone (1319 m), Cozzo Manafarina (1239 m), M. Strambo (1094 m) Serra Pietre Cadute (1116 m), M. Sporangio ( 1115 m), Piano della Fieravecchia (1064); Lake Fanaco (678 m) also falls within the SIC. From a geological point of view, these are mainly carbonate and silico-carbonatic formations of the Sicane Units. From the bioclimatic point of view, the territory falls within the mesomediterranean belt (average annual temperature of 16-13 ° C), with shadow types varying between the lower and upper subhumid (average annual rainfall of 600-1000 mm). The high environmental heterogeneity diversifies a very articulated and varied vegetal landscape, to be referred to the following sigmeti (GIANGUZZI & LA MANTIA, 2004): - Sicilian coastal-hilly series, basifile, on limestone, thermo-Mediterranean subhumida del Leccio (Aceri campestris-Querco ilicis sigmetum); - Tyrrhenian hill-montana, mesophytic and neutral-basifilous series, on calcic brown, thermo-mesomediterranean sub-humid soils of chestnut oak (Sorbo torminalis-Querco virgilianae sigmetum); - Sicilian coastal-submontane, edapho-hygrophilous, thermo-mesomediterranean subhumid series of the pedicellated willow (Ulmo-Salico pedicellatae sigmetum). To the aforementioned series we must also add the micro geoseries linked to particular edaphic conditions, as in the case of rock walls, detrital areas, lake and marsh surfaces, etc.
It is an area of significant naturalistic-environmental and landscape value, as well as fauna (with various species of rare and / threatened vertebrates). In section 3.3, indicated with the letter D, plant species are listed whose presence in the territory is considered of significant phytogeographic interest
Source: Ministry of the Environment Natura 2000 form
Ministerial data: Natura 2000 form
Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero
Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Region of Sicily
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