Skiing in Marsala (ITA010014)
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Skiing in Marsala

Site type: SAC - Special Conservation Area

Code: ITA010014 - Hectares: 4577

Description: 

The SIC, which covers a total of 4.577 hectares, falls within the municipal territories of Marsala, Petrosino and Mazara del Vallo (TP), including the so-called “Skiing”, a term of Arab origin which indicates an arid and desolate landscape. They are characterized by a morphology that tends to be flat, so they are often subject to the action of prevailing winds, in particular the sirocco and the mistral which often exceed 100 km per hour. From a geological point of view, these are recent deposits, sands, clays and calcarenites (Pleistocene-Upper Pliocene); under the pedological aspect, it is mainly lithosols, often with high rocky outcrops and rather thin, eroded and depleted layers of soil. The data recorded in the thermopluviometric stations of Marsala and Castelvetrano show average annual temperatures ranging, respectively, between 17,4 and 18 ° C, while rainfall varies between 517,4 mm and 606,5 mm. From the bioclimatic point of view, the area falls mainly in the lower dry upper thermo-Mediterranean belt, largely afferent to the series of the Thorny oak (Chamaeopo-Querco calliprini sigmetum), now somewhat degraded due to anthropic disturbance (and in particular from fires ). In these cases the landscape is physiognomically dominated by therophyte steppe aspects - in particular Stipa capensis - used through grazing, sometimes alternating with sparse aspects of garrigue with Thymus capitatus or dwarf palm. The circumscribed forest strips with thorny oak therefore take on a relictual meaning.

The Sciare area hosts aspects of microphytic communities, garrigue with Thymus capitatus, Chamaerops humilis and Rhamnus lycioides subsp. oleoides, as well as residual strips of maquis with Quercus calliprinos, of a certain floristic, phytocenotic and faunal importance. Among the species on the list reported in section 3.3 there are some largely rare entities, whose presence in the territory is in any case considered to be of particular phytogeographic interest.

 

Source: Ministry of the Environment Natura 2000 form

Ministerial data: Ministerial Map  Natura 2000 form

Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero

Photo: web

Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Region of Sicily

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