Pizzo Fau, Monte Pomiere, Pizzo Bidi and Serra della Testa (ITA030014)
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Pizzo Fau, Monte Pomiere, Pizzo Bidi and Serra della Testa

Site type: SAC - Special Conservation Area

Code: ITA030014 - Hectares: 8558


It is a mountainous area at altitudes between 700 and about 1700 m affected by siliceous substrates mainly represented by flysch, schist and gneiss. The bioclimate is between the mesomediterraneo and the supramediterraneo with ombrotype between the lower subhumid and the lower humid. At the highest altitudes, the vegetation is mainly represented by oceanic thermophilic beech woods rich in holly. Mixed with beech woods, strips of Quercus petraea ssp. austrotyrrhenica, while on the northern slopes, affected throughout the year by a regime of fogs, there are forest strips dominated by yew and holly. At lower altitudes, generally below 1300-1400 m, there are oak woods, which usually cover large surfaces. At altitudes below 1000 m, evergreen woods with Quercus suber or deciduous woods with Quercus gussonei are found, limited to the northern side, while on the southern side, woods with Quercus congesta prevail. The degradation of the woods favors the formation of dense mesophilic thickets rich in thorny shrubs. In situations of greater soil erosion, the latter are replaced by mesophilic pastures rich in hemicryptophytes and small chamaephytes, partly endemic. In some flat and depressed stretches, the stagnation of rainwater allows the formation of small marsh basins and humid areas in which hydrophilic vegetation with helophytes and hydrophilic submerged or floating develops.

Site of exceptional landscape, fauna and geobotanical interest. Extensive and well-preserved forests interspersed with small lake and marsh areas (Serra della Testa) with peculiar vegetation and rare species. The articulated environmental mosaic, characterized by a strong integration and interrelation of different highly natural habitats, guarantees the presence of a very rich fauna, which includes numerous endemic and / or rare species, many of which are very localized, often with a range limited only to Nebrodense area. Herpetofauna and invertebrate fauna are of great interest, especially the freshwater and marshy fauna, which includes both narrow Nebrodense endemics and rare species and stenotopes, often at the southern limit of their distribution range and therefore of great biogeographical interest. area has a notable floristic-vegetational value due to the extensive deciduous beech and Turkey oak woods, as well as small strips of tertiary woods with Taxus baccata and Quercus petraea ssp. austrotyrrhenica, both rich in holly. Mesophilic pastures are also well represented in which various Sicilian endemisms are located as well as small wet areas of considerable importance due to the presence of a very rare and specialized flora and fauna. Here there are also several entities that in the regional area are rare or considered of significant phytogeographic interest, in turn mentioned in the list in section 3.3 (D)

Source: Ministry of the Environment Natura 2000 form

It falls within the Nebrodi Park

Ministerial data: Ministerial Map    Natura 2000 form

Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero

Photo: web

Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Region of Sicily

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