Marzamemi marsh (ITA090005)
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Marzamemi marsh (ITA090005)

Site type: SAC - Special Conservation Area 

Code: ITA090005 - Hectares: 31

Description: 

Interesting coastal lake environment characterized by markedly brackish waters, currently influenced by various anthropic activities, especially
from urban expansion. The health of these limited coastal wetlands is rather precarious. From the hydrogeological point of view, the marshes of Marzamemi
they are fed by meteoric waters and marine waters, by infiltrations through the narrow dune cord and through channels connecting with the sea. Yes
it is brackish waters subject to total summer desiccation. The area is affected by a lower thermo-Mediterranean climate with average annual rainfall of
about 500 mm and average annual temperatures of 18 ° C. The vegetation that grows there is represented by perennial halophilous formations of Sarcocornietea fruticosae,
and annuals of the Thero-Suedetea. The submerged vegetation of the Ruppietea and the helophyte vegetation of the Phragmito-Magnocaricetea are also frequent.
4.2Quality and importance
Coastal marsh area affected by highly specialized halophilous vegetation, stopping place for migratory birds. Despite the heavy influence
anthropic, in this area it is still possible to observe numerous examples of both submerged and amphibious halo-hygrophilous associations, some of which of a certain
naturalistic interest and essential for the sustenance of avifauna. This interesting coastal lake environment turns out to be of a certain value
geobotanical, in which strips of natural vegetation are found represented by psammophilous, halophilous, brackish marshes and coastal cliffs. It is a
site of modest size, suffocated among other things by intense urbanization, which is nevertheless integrated into a larger system of wetlands and used as such
regularly by a number of bird species typical of the Mediterranean brackish wetlands of this region. Its importance derives
essentially from its ecological and structural role in the constitution of the wetland system of south-eastern Sicily, of which it represents a
important strategic node. Its conservation is therefore closely linked to maintaining the integrity of the entire system within which they occur
frequent and documented faunal exchanges. It also preserves a significant fraction of the rich invertebrate fauna of the Vendicari area.

Ministerial data: Natura 2000 form

Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero

Photo: web

Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Region of Sicily

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