Monte Triona and Monte Colomba (ITA020036)
Site type: SAC Special Conservation Area
Code: ITA020036 - Hectares: 3313
The SIC area is located in the orographic complex of the Sicani Mountains, where it covers a total area of about 3313 hectares, affecting the municipalities of Bisacquino, Campofiorito, Corleone, Chiusa Sclafani, Palazzo Adriano and Prizzi (province of Palermo). It includes the developing ridge close to the towns of Campofiorito and Bisacquino up to Lake Prizzi, with an east-west course; among the main reliefs are M. Triona (1215 m) and M. Colomba (1197 m). From a geological point of view, it is mainly glauconite calcarenites (Tortonian-Lower Miocene) and carbonate and silico-carbonates of the Sicane Units. From the bioclimatic point of view, the territory lies between the mesomediterranean bands (average annual temperature of 16-13 ° C) and the supramediterraneo (average annual temperature below 13 ° C), with umbrotype varying between the lower and upper subhumid (average annual rainfall of 600-1000 mm) .The vegetal landscape is characterized by woodland, shrub, grassland and rock formations typical of the Sicani territory; in the territory they are Several artificial forest plantings have been carried out dominating species foreign to the native flora, partly altering the typical features of the landscape. How long concerns the main series of vegetation, they can be predominantly referred to that of the Holm oak (in particular the Maples campestris-Querco ilicis sigmetum) on calcareous rocky substrates, and to others of the chestnut oak (Oleo-Querco virgilianae sigmetum and Sorbo torminalis-Querco virgilianae sigmetum), the latter on brown calcic soils, respectively at more or less low altitudes. Along the water courses there are other riparian aspects, partly ascribed to the pedicellated willow series (Ulmo-Salico pedicellatae sigmetum). of detrital areas, etc.
It is a relatively little known area from the geobotanical point of view, but in any case of a certain naturalistic-environmental and landscape value. Particularly interesting is the wooded area of Monte Colomba - even if partly devastated by recent fires - in which the presence of Carpinus orientalis, which would be the only Sicilian station of the species. In section 3.3, indicated with the letter D, some entities are listed plants whose presence in the territory is considered to be of significant phytogeographic interest. The site hosts rare and / or endangered species of diurnal birds of prey.
Source: Ministry of the Environment Natura 2000 form
Ministerial data: Natura 2000 form
Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero
Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Region of Sicily