Monte Rose and Monte Pernice (ITA020029)
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Monte Rose and Monte Pernice (ITA020029)

Site type: SAC - Special Conservation Area

Code: (ITA020029) - Hectares: 2529


The SIC area is located in the central part of the Sicani Mountains, where it covers a total area of ​​about 2530 hectares, falling within the municipalities of Palazzo Adriano (province of Palermo) and Bivona (province of Agrigento). It is a part of the Monti di Palazzo Adriano and Valle del Sosio nature reserve, which culminates in the peaks of Pizzo Mondello (1245 m), Piano della Fiera (1371 m), Monte delle Rose (1436 m) - the highest peak of this part of the Sicani -, M. Pernice (1363 m), Pizzo S. Filippo (1352 m) and Pizzo di Naso (965 m). ), varicolored clays (Middle-Upper Cretaceous), nodular limestones (Middle-Upper Jurassic), calcareous marls (Lower Cretaceous), marly limestones (Upper Cretaceous) compact limestones (Eocene), as well as marly clays with sandy intercalations (Middle Miocene- superior). From a bioclimatic point of view, the territory is divided into the mesomediterranean belts (average annual temperature of 16-13 ° C) and - limited to the highest part of the reliefs - of the supramediterranean (average annual temperature below 13 ° C), with a tendential shadow type referable to the upper subhumid (average annual rainfall of 800-1000 mm). The high environmental heterogeneity diversifies a very articulated and varied vegetal landscape, to be referred to the following sigmeti (GIANGUZZI & LA MANTIA, 2004): - Sicilian hill-montana, basifile, limestone, meso-supramediterranea subhumid-humid series of Holm oak (Aceri campestris-Querco ilicis sigmetum); - Tyrrhenian hilly-montana, mesophytic and neutral-basifile series, on brown calcic, thermo-mesomediterranean dry-subhumid soils of chestnut oak (Oleo-Querco virgilianae sigmetum); - Tyrrhenian hill-montana, mesophytic and neutral-basifilous series, on calcic brown, dry-sub-humid meso-supra-Mediterranean soils of chestnut oak (Sorbo torminalis-Querco virgilianae sigmetum); - Sicilian coastal-submontane, edapho-hygrophilous, thermo-mesomediterranean subhumid series of the pedicellated willow (Ulmo-Salico pedicellatae sigmetum). debris, puddles, etc.

It is one of the areas of greatest naturalistic-environmental value in central Sicily, in which residual forest nuclei are preserved, with various peculiar phytocenotic aspects, as well as a high number of endemic (some of which exclusive) or rare plant entities. In section 3.3, indicated with the letter D, some species are listed whose presence in the territory is considered to be of significant phytogeographic interest. The site is home to highly endangered vertebrate species

Source: Ministry of the Environment Natura 2000 form

Ministerial data:  Natura 2000 form

Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero

Photo: web

Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Region of Sicily

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