Monte Pizzuta, Costa del Carpineto, Moarda
Type of site: SIC - Site of Community Interest - SAC - Special Conservation Area
Code: ITA020026 - Hectares: 1949
The area of the SIC, extended for about 1947 hectares, covers the territory of the municipalities of Monreale, Piana degli Albanesi, S. Cristina Gela and Altofonte. It falls within the carbonate ridge that characterizes the inner part of the so-called "Palermo Mountains", located in the northernmost part of the Belice River basin, upstream of the Piana degli Albanesi Lake. The same ridge culminates in the peaks of the Punte della Moarda (1090 m), Coste del Carpineto (1188 m), Pizzo Garrone (1123 m), Monte Pizzuta (1333 m), M. Maja and Pelavet (1279 m), Serre del Frassino (m 1310); to the east, the site also includes Portella di Rebuttone and the relief of Pizzo dello Sbanduto (868 m). From the geolithological point of view, these are carbonate substrates of the
so-called “Imerese” paleobacino, characterized mainly by graded and laminated doloarenites and dolorudites, marls, calcilulites, quartz sandstones, graded and laminated calcarenites, siliceous clayites, radiolarites and radiolar marls. From the bioclimatic point of view, the territory is mainly comprised between the thermo and mesomediterranean bands (average temperature: 16,5-13 ° C), with a shadow type varying between the lower and upper subhumid (average rainfall even over 1000 mm). The plant landscape is greatly affected by the intense uses of the past and by frequent fires. Aspects of prairie in Ampelodesma and other aspects of secondary vegetation dominate, in the context of which artificial forest plants have been made,
through the use of conifers foreign to the territory (genera Pinus, Cupressus, etc.), which are also affected by the action of fire; the natural forest strips are very sporadic. The potential vegetation is mainly to be referred to the Holm oak series (especially the Aceri campestris-Querco ilicis sigmetum), which plays a pioneering role on the calcareous rocky substrates; on the deep and evolved soils, the series of the chestnut oak (Oleo-Querco virgilianae sigmetum) settles, while that of the pedicellated willow (Ulmo canescentis-Salico pedicellatae sigmetum) is located along the waterways. To the aforementioned sigmetes are also to be added various other microgeoseries linked to particular edaphic conditions, as in the case of rock walls, detrital areas, humid environments, etc.
Source: Ministry of the Environment Natura 2000 form
Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero
Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Region of Sicily
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