Monte Pellegrino - Grotta del Condannato (Hermit's Cave)
Grotta del Condannato "It has this name because an escape from the Arenella Criminal Bath took refuge there and found there he was killed" (DE GREGORIO 1927)
“The entrance has a semi-elliptical shape: base m 8, height m 4; opens on the right of the Scala Vecchia. The cavity develops rectilinear along a single environment, tapering towards the bottom, with two short appendages, the largest
on the right in the initial part, the other on the left in the final part, the only point in which there are traces of an upset deposit. The cave shows signs of heavy tampering. The transition between the entrance and the internal environment, which
ordinarily it must have been a poorly practicable bottleneck, it has been enlarged by making use of mines and wedges of which the hollows can be observed. They are works attributed to the workers employed in the construction of the "new staircase"
and the funicular, to make it a dormitory. Traces of "red earth", concreted into the floor at the entrance, continue outside along the slope of access to the cave, where they are added to hippopotamus bones, and demonstrate the total emptying of the anthropic deposit. At the entrance, on the left wall at eye level, there are some linear incisions probably Mesolithic and traces of blackish coloring, perhaps of inscriptions, Punic (?), Made at different times. A group of lines, together with a graffiti, are found in a niche in the cliff, a few meters from the ground level, between the Scala Vecchia and the cave. " (Text source: Giovanni Mannino: Monte Pellegrino in Prehistory - New data: in the Archaeological Newsletter Superintendence of Palermo 24/2017
In-depth documents: Giovanni Mannino: Monte Pellegrino in Prehistory - New data: in the Archaeological Newsletter Superintendence of Palermo 24/2017
download the document: G_Mannino_The_Grotte_of_Monte_Gallo_Notiz
Bibliography and further in-depth documents:
100) FIRST SICILY - AT THE ORIGINS OF SICILIAN SOCIETY - volume first edited by Sebastiano Tusa Palermo 1997.
198) D. Petruso - V. Forgia - L. Sineo: The human population of Sicily: an interdisciplinary review in the Archive for Anthropology and Ethnology - Vol. CXLIV (2014)
Download file: SINEO et al
200) Gioconda La Magna (edited by) Between Etna and Simeto - Archaeological research in Adrano and its territory - Proceedings of the study meeting for the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the Adrano Museum Adrano, 8 June 2005 - Library of the Regional Province of Catania 2009. Download file: The_Neolithic_in_Valle_del_Simeto
History of Sicily - 1.2. Paleolithic and Mesolithic:
History of Sicily - 1.2.1: Religious sentiments and burials in the Paleolithic and Mesolithic
History of Sicily - 1.2.2: Art in the Paleolithic and Mesolithic
History of Sicily - 1.2.3: Archaeological sites of the Sicilian Paleolithic and Mesolithic
Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero
Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero Web
Photos: Giovanni Mannino: Monte Pellegrino in Prehistory - New data: in the Archaeological Newsletter Superintendence of Palermo 24/2017
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