Site type: SAC - Special Conservation Area
Code: ITA030039 - Hectares: 3908
It is a mountainous area at altitudes between 900 and about 1600 m affected by siliceous substrates mainly represented by flysch, schist and gneiss. The bioclimate is between the mesomediterraneo and the supramediterraneo with ombrotype between the lower subhumid and the lower humid. At the highest altitudes, the vegetation is mainly represented by oceanic thermophilic beech woods rich in holly. At lower altitudes, generally below 1300-1400 m, there are oak woods, which usually cover large surfaces. Small strips of deciduous woods with Quercus congesta are found on the southern slope. The degradation of the woods favors the formation of dense mesophilic thickets rich in thorny shrubs. In situations of greater soil erosion, the latter are replaced by mesophilic pastures rich in hemicryptophytes and small chamaephytes, partly endemic. In some flat and depressed stretches, the stagnation of rainwater allows the formation of small marsh basins and humid areas in which hydrophilic vegetation with helophytes and hydrophilic submerged or floating develops.
The area is of considerable naturalistic and landscape value due to the extensive and well-preserved beech forests in close correlation with numerous marshy and lake areas and with waterways in good natural conditions. This close integration of intact habitats from a natural point of view is reflected in the rich and varied fauna hosted by the site. Among the Vertebrates, the herpetofauna is of considerable interest, including species worthy of careful and targeted safeguard measures. The invertebrate fauna is very rich and articulated, both as regards the freshwater and riparian species, and the nemoral ones. Numerous are the Sicilian and sometimes Nebrodensi endemics and / or the rare species and stenotopes. Well represented are also the mesophilic pastures in which various Sicilian endemics are located as well as small wet areas of considerable importance for the presence of a very rare flora and fauna it is specialized. Here there are also several entities that in the regional area are rare or considered of significant phytogeographic interest, in turn mentioned in the list reported in section 3.3 (D).
Source: Ministry of the Environment Natura 2000 form
It falls within the Nebrodi Park
Ministerial data: Ministerial Map Natura 2000 form
Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero
Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Region of Sicily
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