Monte Iato, Kumeta, Maganoce and Pizzo Parrino (ITA020027)
Site type: SPA - Special Protection Area / SAC - Special Conservation Area
Code: (ITA020027) - Hectares: 3034
Other Site Characteristics
The area, extended for 3024,55 hectares, covers the territory of the municipalities of S. Giuseppe Jato, S. Cipirrello, Monreale, Piana degli Albanesi, S. Cristina Gela and Marineo. It falls within the carbonate ridge that characterizes the inner part of the so-called "Palermo Mountains", being located in the northernmost part of the Belice River basin, downstream from Lake Piana degli Albanesi. The same ridge is included between the villages of S. Cipirrello and S. Giuseppe Jato (to the west) and Marineo (to the east), the highest peaks of which include M. Jato (852 m), M. Pagnocco (899 m) , Serra della Ginestra (m 1099), Cozzo della Spirda (m 905), M. Kumeta, (m 1233), M. Maganoce (m 902), M. Giuhai (m 968), M. Rossella (m 1029) and Pizzo Parrino (977 m). From the geolithological point of view, the territory refers to the stratigraphic-structural unit M. Kumeta, dominated mainly by marl, limestone and calcilutite. From the bioclimatic point of view it falls mainly in the lower and upper subhumid mesomediterranean; the average temperature is between 14 and 16 ° C, while rainfall reaches up to 1000 mm (Piana degli Albanesi: 1031 mm). The plant landscape is greatly affected by the intense uses of the past and by frequent fires. Aspects of prairie in Ampelodesma and other aspects of secondary vegetation dominate, within which artificial forest plants have been carried out, through the use of conifers foreign to the territory (genera Pinus, Cupressus, etc.), which are also affected by the action of fire; the natural forest strips are very sporadic. The vegetal landscape is mainly from the Holm oak series (especially the Aceri campestris-Querco ilicis sigmetum), which play a pioneering role on the calcareous rocky substrates; on the deep and evolved soils, the series of the Virgilian oak (Oleo-Querco virgilianae sigmetum) settles, while that of the pedicellated willow (Ulmo canescentis-Salico pedicellatae sigmetum) is located along the waterways. Various other micro-geoseries linked to particular edaphic conditions must also be added to the aforementioned sigmetas, such as in the case of rock walls, detrital areas, humid environments, etc.
4.2Quality and importance
It is an area of considerable faunistic and floristic-phytocenotic interest, with partly peculiar aspects of vegetation, as in the case of the rupicolous communities, in which a large number of endemic plant species and / or of significant phytogeographic interest are represented. The species listed in section 3.3 and indicated with the letter D refer to other entities that are quite rare in Sicily, whose presence in the territory in question is in any case considered to be of significant phytogeographic interest. in Pizzo Parrino to the east it appears to be an area with various environmental typologies that determine an equally varied fauna richness. Numerous species of sedentary or migratory birds of prey. The long mountainous relief that goes from Mount Iato in the west to Pizzo Parrino in the east is an area with various environmental typologies that determine an equally varied fauna richness. Very numerous are the species of sedentary or migratory birds of prey represented in the territory.
Source: Ministry of the Environment Natura 2000 form
Ministerial data: Natura 2000 form
Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero
Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Region of Sicily
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