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Places of the Myth of Cronus-Saturn: Arm of S. Raineri

Places of identity and memory (LIM)

Places of myth and legends: Myth of Cronus - Saturn

cronos

The site is part of the Places of Myth and Legends - included in the Register of the Region of Sicily LIM (Places of gods and minor divinities)

Places reported on the IWB: 

• Arm of S. Raineri (Messina)
• Mount Kronio (Sciacca, Agrigento)
• Kronio Castle, slopes of Monte Pellegrino (Palermo)
• Promontory of Trapani
• Altar of Kronos, Rupe Gogala (Caltabellotta, Agrigento)
• Monte Scuderi, formerly Monte Saturno (Fiumedinisi, Messina)

The following is an excerpt from the sheet "Cronos - Saturn"  taken from the book "Cults and Myths of Ancient Sicily" by Ignazio Caloggero. 

Cronos was considered by the Greeks to be the youngest son of Uranus (Heaven) and Gaia (Earth), he was therefore a titan, belonging to the divine generation that preceded the caste of the Olympic gods. At the instigation of his mother, he cut off the "phallo " of his father, who fell to earth: Aphrodite was born from the spilled blood, while part of it fell on Sicily, making it, since then, very fertile.[1]  The sickle fell in the direction of the Strait of Messina, where it formed that thin, sickle-shaped tongue of land which still today constitutes the inlet of the port of Messina (Braccio di S. Ranieri). Another legend has it that the sickle fell instead in Trapani forming the promontory of Trapani. 

The Myth of Cronos can be correlated with the Myth of the Genius of Palermo :

Cronos and the Genius of Palermo

The Genius of Palermo is considered the secular symbol that represents the civic virtues and the identity of the people of Palermo in its different social classes, in a certain sense, for the Palermo people it represents a sort of secular god of happiness and independence and is often put in contrast with Santa Rosalia. He is depicted as a mature man with a split beard, crowned and embraced by a snake feeding on his chest.

An anonymous manuscript, preserved in the Municipal Library of Palermo, perhaps from the end of the 500th century, puts the Genius of Palermo with Saturn (Cronos) in fact represents the Genius as the representation of "Saturn, god of earth and time, father of times and father of the gods and men "[1]. Another element that connects Cronos with the Genius of Palermo is the phrase "suos devorat, alienos nutrit" ("devours his children and feeds strangers"), engraved in the rim of the basin of the statue of the Genius placed inside Palazzo Pretorio. In fact, cronos devoured their children as they were born.

[1] Giuseppe La Monica: Mystery Sicily p.58

Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero

Photo: web

Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Region of Sicily

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