Places of the Myth of Cronus-Saturn: Altar of Kronos
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Places of the Myth of Cronus-Saturn: Altar of Kronos

Places of identity and memory (IWB)

Places of myth and legends: Myth of Cronus - Saturn

cronos

The site is part of the Places of Myth and Legends - included in the Register of the Region of Sicily LIM (Places of gods and minor divinities)

Places reported on the IWB: 

• Arm of S. Raineri (Messina)
• Mount Kronio (Sciacca, Agrigento)
Kronio Castle, slopes of Monte Pellegrino (Palermo) - Not identified
• Promontory of Trapani
• Altar of Kronos, Rupe Gogala (Caltabellotta, Agrigento)
• Monte Scuderi, formerly Monte Saturno (Fiumedinisi, Messina)

The following is an excerpt from the sheet "Cronos - Saturn"  taken from the book "Cults and Myths of Ancient Sicily" by Ignazio Caloggero. In the detailed file it is possible to identify many other places interested in the cult of Demeter, its origins and the religious syncretism related to it.

Caltabellotta 
In Caltabellotta, testifying to the ancient custom of making human sacrifices in honor of Baal, there is the sacrificial altar (Rupe Gogala) dedicated to Cronos which presents on the sides of the channels and where it is assumed that sacrifices still took place in the Greek and Roman period , probably also humans.

According to the historian Diodorus Siculus (lib. III.61), Cronos was the king of Sicily, Libya and also of Italy. He established his power over the western regions of Sicily, occupying all the most important hills of the region with garrisons. Precisely for this reason, again according to Diodorus, in Sicily and in other western regions, many mountainous areas were called, from his name, Cronia. Diodorus speaks of a place named Cronio about the defeat suffered by the tyrant of Syracuse, Dionysus, by the Carthaginians in 383 BC

Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero

Photo: web

Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Region of Sicily

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