Lake of Piana degli Albanesi
Site type: SAC - Special Conservation Area
Code: ITA020013 - Hectares: 637
The SIC area extends for 601 hectares, including Lake Piana degli Albanesi and some surrounding areas; it falls within the municipalities of Piana degli Albanesi and S. Cristina Gela. This is the oldest artificial reservoir in Sicily, built in 1923, blocking the course of the right Belice River in correspondence with the relief of M. Kumeta and Monte Maganoce. In any case, it represents a biotope of significant landscape, as well as naturalistic and environmental interest. On the basis of the bioclimatic classification defined according to the Rivas-Martínez indices, the area falls within the mesomediterranean belt (temperature = 16-13 ° C) with a higher subhumid shadow type (rainfall: 600-1000 mm) and humid (rainfall:> 1000 mm). The plant landscape of the SIC is predominantly dominated by the lake area, at the edges of which are located marshy borders, reforested areas, as well as arable and uncultivated fields; further upstream the built-up areas of Piana degli Albanesi develop. The above-mentioned reliefs located at the southern edge of the same area are also of significant naturalistic interest. The potential vegetation of the areas surrounding the reservoir, limited to clayey substrates, is mainly to be referred to the Virgilian oak series (Oleo-Querco virgilianae sigmetum); along the course of the various tributaries that of the Black Poplar and the Pedicellated Willow (Ulmo canescentis-Salico pedicellatae sigmetum) also settles. To the aforementioned sigmets we must also add the micro geoseries linked to particular edaphic conditions, as in the case of the rocky walls - very marginal, towards the dam -, of the lake and marsh areas, etc.
The site denotes a significant faunal value, as the humid area plays an important role in the wintering of numerous species of anseriformes and charadriformes with fairly large contingents. It also has a notable historical-landscape interest; in fact it falls along one of the main migratory routes of western Sicily. In section 3.3, indicated with the letter D, plant entities are listed whose presence in the territory is considered of significant phytogeographic interest.
Source: Ministry of the Environment Natura 2000 form
Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero
Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Region of Sicily
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