Lampedusa Island and Lampione (ITA040002)
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Island of Lampedusa and Lampione

Type of site: SIC - Site of Community Interest ZSC - Special Conservation Area

Code: ITA040002 - Hectares: 1406

Description: 

Other Site Characteristics
The SIC area falls within the municipality of Lampedusa and Linosa and includes the island of Lampedusa and the uninhabited islet of Lampione. The island of Lampedusa, extended over
20,2 sq km and located in the Sicilian Channel at 128 km from the coast of Tunisia and at a distance almost double from Sicily, it is made up of stratified limestones
Miocene whites, and belongs to the African continental shelf. Lampedusa was connected to North Africa in the Pontic-Pliocene period. The island from
morphological point of view is represented by a plateau with a maximum altitude of 133 m, furrowed by more or less deep incisions that lead into numerous
coves in the southern part, while the northern coast is instead steep and is characterized by a system of cliffs. The bioclimate was reported to
semi-arid thermo-Mediterranean type according to the Rivas-Martinez classification; the rains are however extremely variable from year to year and considerable
importance is played by hidden precipitations. Similar to Lampedusa for geological and climatic characteristics is the small islet of Lampione. In appearance
vegetation of a certain importance are the shrub formations (Periplocion angustifoliae and Cisto-Ericion), halophilous-rupicolous (Crithmo-Limonietea) and halo-nitrophilous
(Pegano-Salsoletea). These are extremely interesting insular environments despite the heavy degradation of anthropogenic origin due to the tourist activity they have been in
subjected.
4.2Quality and importance
Of great phytogeographic and zoological interest. The territory includes areas of considerable naturalistic-environmental importance, with aspects of xerophilous vegetation
peculiar, in which numerous plant species of significant phytogeographic interest are represented, several of which are exclusive; in many cases they are also
present rare or completely absent species in the Italian territory. There are numerous species of exclusive endemic insects of Lampedusa. Especially important from the point
from an ornithological point of view is the population of Falco eleonorae present in Lampedusa and Lampione. As for the herpetofauna, the presence a is interesting
Lampedusa of two ophidians of North African origin and the historic oviposition area of ​​the Caretta caretta on the beach of the island of rabbits

Source: Ministry of the Environment Natura 2000 form

Ministerial data: Ministerial Map      Natura 2000 form

Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero

Photo: web

Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Region of Sicily

Note: The populating of the files of the Heritage database proceeds in incremental phases: cataloging, georeferencing, insertion of information and images. The cultural property in question has been cataloged, georeferenced and the first information entered. In order to enrich the information content, further contributions are welcome, if you wish you can contribute through our area "Your Contributions"

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