Salerno cave
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Salerno cave

Grotto cadastral number: n. 31 

“The Salerno Grotto is a cave modeled by the erosive action of the Pleistocene sea that opens at the foot of the Baida dolomite ridge, on which the Franciscan convent of San Giovanni Battista stands.

The cave consists of a single room with an almost circular plan with a diameter of about a dozen meters, with a jagged profile. In the terminal part of the cavity a landslide occludes a further development.
In the anterior sector of the cavity a well about 4 m deep is dug which, through a tunnel, leads outside near the route of the former Palermo (Lolli) - Salaparuta railway.
The finding on the entrance wall of flint tools with a fallen back from the upper Palaeolithic period unequivocally attests that the cave was inhabited by prehistoric man.
Surely in the following centuries it was used by shepherds who carried out masonry works inside. During the Second World War the inhabitants of Baida also took refuge there to escape the bombs dropped by Anglo-American planes.
Now the visit to the ingrottato is forbidden due to the fencing of a private property.

" (Text source: Rosario Abbate: facebook page:

In-depth documents: Rosario Abbate: The caves of Baida (Palermo) Geomorphology and Paleontology

download the document: Rosario Abbate; The Caves of Baida

Bibliography and further in-depth documents:

100) FIRST SICILY - AT THE ORIGINS OF SICILIAN SOCIETY - volume first edited by Sebastiano Tusa Palermo 1997.

198) D. Petruso - V. Forgia - L. Sineo: The human population of Sicily: an interdisciplinary review in the Archive for Anthropology and Ethnology - Vol. CXLIV (2014)

Download file:  SINEO et al

200) Gioconda La Magna (edited by) Between Etna and Simeto - Archaeological research in Adrano and its territory - Proceedings of the study meeting for the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the Adrano Museum Adrano, 8 June 2005 - Library of the Regional Province of Catania 2009. Download file: The_Neolithic_in_Valle_del_Simeto 

Ignazio Caloggero:

History of Sicily - 1.2. Paleolithic and Mesolithic:

History of Sicily - 1.2.1: Religious sentiments and burials in the Paleolithic and Mesolithic

History of Sicily - 1.2.2: Art in the Paleolithic and Mesolithic

History of Sicily - 1.2.3: Archaeological sites of the Sicilian Paleolithic and Mesolithic

PRESS: Well cataloged but partially geolocated. We invite you to provide your contribution by providing us with useful information that allows us to accurately geolocalize the listed asset. See also "Cultural Heritage to be Geolocated"

Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero

Photo: facebook profile:

Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero Web, 

Note: The populating of the files of the Heritage database proceeds in incremental phases: cataloging, georeferencing, insertion of information and images. The cultural property in question has been cataloged, georeferenced and the first information entered. In order to enrich the information content, further contributions are welcome, if you wish you can contribute through our area "Your Contributions"

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