Cozzo Telegraph - Vallone Maccaudo
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Cozzo Porte Rosse – Glasses

Area of ​​discovery of materials from the Roman-imperial age; rock settlement from the Late Antique and Byzantine periods


Cave with traces of Upper Paleolithic occupation; Mesolithic station; area of ​​discovery of ceramic fragments from the Neolithic, Eneolithic, Ancient Bronze, Bronze
Middle, Late Bronze; Ancient Bronze necropolis and prehistoric settlement; area of ​​discovery of archaic Greek pottery; votive aedicules from the Greek period; traces of carriageways; area of
discovery of Roman ceramics; area of ​​discovery of Byzantine ceramics. (A2).

At the top, inside a cave, fossil bones were found. The use of the latter itself as a military post led to the emptying of all the material present inside and the expansion of the cavity itself. The materials found around the cave include: remains of Quaternary fauna (bos, equus, cervus, etc.), fragments of lithic industry on flint and quartzite attributable to the Upper Paleolithic, fragments of impressed and engraved ceramics from the Neolithic associated with industry on flint and obsidian. Some fragments decorated with engraved grooves have been attributed to the Eneolithic age. Other clay fragments with decorations painted in brown on a reddish background belong to the Early Bronze Age. It was the site of a settlement whose presence is confirmed by a dozen cave tombs dug along the sides. Only one fragment has been attributed to Bronze
medium. The discovery of pottery with brown geometric decoration on a gray background, attributed to the Cassibile facies, attests to the presence of the site in the protohistoric age. The presence of orientalizing pottery (7th century BC), Hellenistic pottery and Roman pottery (terrasealed) is also reported. The presence until the Byzantine age is attested by fragments of corrugated ceramics and by the discovery of a follis of Anastasius I from the mint of Constantinople countermarked under Heraclius. In the Byzantine era the
cave probably had the function of an oratory. On the slopes of Cozzo, on the southern slope, three Early Bronze cave tombs have been reported, also from
report to the settlement that was to occupy the top of Cozzo Telegrafo. Near these tombs, at the end of the 19th century, traces of ancient carriageways deeply engraved in the limestone were reported, which ended under the soil of a nearby citrus grove. In the vertical rock wall, near which the carriageways were noticed, sixteen votive aedicules (pinakes) were identified, of rectangular shape and variable dimensions, attributable to the Hellenistic age

The toponym derives from the construction, in 1858, of the electric telegraph. Previously the site was referred to as Monte Diavolopri or Devil's Opera, and was remembered for the existence of a large cave dug into the side. Hagiographic tradition has it that they were murdered here in the XNUMXrd century. the Christian martyrs, which justifies the reference to the work of the devil, preserved in the previous toponym. Bernabò Brea considers it the seat of the town also related to the necropolis of the Maccaudo valley. It must have been a small town that flourished between the XNUMXth and XNUMXth centuries. B.C. survived to a later age: on the slope of Cozzo Telegrafo, above the pedestrian street, there are in fact small votive shrines comparable to those of the Latomie of Syracuse and Akrai. During the last war the site hosted a military post

Bibliographic sources

Vigo A., Neofito (i.e., Historical note of the Greco Caves, on the slopes of Mount Assia in Sicily, of the Saints who lived there, of the Image of Maria Mater Adonai and of the Hermitage
under this title) 1872, p.55-56; Strazzulla V., History and archeology of Trotilon, Xifonia, and other sites near Augusta di Sicilia, 1899, pp.483-485; Orsi, Mulinello near Augusta, “NSc”, 1902b, p.642; Bernabò Brea L., The twilight of King Hyblon, “PP”, CXX, 1968, pp.185-186; Russo I. Gianino P. Historical-arheological problems of Trotilon and the Pantakyas stream, "Historical News of Augsburg", 18, 1995b, p.26-28; Russo I.-Gianino P.-Lanteri R., Augusta and neighboring territories, I, Prehistory, From the upper paleolithic to pre-colonization, “ArchStorSir”, suppl. n.5, 1996, pp. 63-76; Lanteri R., Settlements of late antiquity in the Megara territory, 1996b, p.23-24; Lanteri R., Augusta and its territory, elements for an archaeological map, 1997, pp.27-29; 1999 Guidelines, Archaeological Sites Map, n. 208. Guzzardi L., Man and caves in the prehistory of the Iblea region, in
Proceedings of the 4th Speleology Conference of Sicily, Ragusa 2004, pp. 296-299

(Source text of survey form n.38 Landscape Plan of the Province of Syracuse - Archaeological Heritage)

Archaeological Heritage Sheets Landscape Plan of Syracuse

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