Monti complex of Castellammare del Golfo (TP)
Site type: SAC - Special Conservation Area
Code: ITA010015 - Hectares: 2406
The SIC area falls within the territory of the municipality of Castellammare del Golfo (TP), where it extends for 2.388 hectares, incorporating the peak culminating in the peaks of Monte Inici (1064 m asl), Pizzo delle Neviere (1042 m asl) and Cozzo Monaco (773 m asl). On the north side it also extends to the coastal strip that extends west of the town of Castellammare del Golfo, including Punta Calabianca and Capo Puntazza. The territory is part of the carbonate ridge that develops along the northern slope of western Sicily, with sometimes isolated reliefs, characterized by a different altitude and often by evident erosive denudations, also accentuated according to the morphology, with rather high slopes. From the pedological point of view, lithosols and outcropping rock prevail more frequently, sometimes leaving room for brown calcareous soils. From the bioclimatic point of view, the coastal territory falls mainly within the thermo-Mediterranean belt, tending towards the mesomediterranean at higher altitudes, with shadows varying respectively from dry to sub-humid. The plant landscape is predominantly dominated by the Ampelodesmos mauritanicus meadows, as secondary aspects of forest formations now destroyed, due to the intense uses of the past (cutting, cultivation, grazing). In the same area, various reforestation interventions with a prevalence of conifers were carried out, through the use of various forest, Mediterranean and exotic essences. In any case, these are often elements completely unrelated to the potential forest formations of the same area, mainly to refer to the Olivastro (Oleo-Euphorbio dendroidis sigmetum), Downy (Oleo-Querco virgilianae sigmetum) and Leccio (Pistacio- Querco virgilianae sigmetum and Rhamno-Querco ilicis sigmetum).
Even if the site is considerably altered in its landscape aspects, it is always an area of considerable faunal interest (in particular for the ornithological interest due to the presence of rare species of birds of prey), as well as floristic-phytocenotic, as a naturalistic oasis refuge, moreover inserted in a territorial context largely occupied by crops. In fact, apart from some residual forest nuclei of scrub, holm oaks and deciduous oaks, the most peculiar aspects of vegetation are the rock communities, in which a high number of endemic plant species and / or of significant interest are represented. Back to top X Back to top Back to top phytogeographic. In section 3.3, indicated with the letter D, entities are listed which in Sicily are quite rare, whose presence in the territory in question is in any case considered of significant phytogeographic interest.
Source: Ministry of the Environment Natura 2000 form
Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero
Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Region of Sicily
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