Site type: SAC - Special Conservation Area
Code: ITA080009 - Hectares: 947
The site falls within the territories of the municipalities of Modica, Ispica and Rosolini. The soils are mosaics of degraded brown soils and Mediterranean red soils. The substrates are made up
from compact tertiary limestones of the Plateau Ibleo series.The climate of the site is dry thermo-Mediterranean according to the terminology of Rivas Martinez.
chasmophytes (8210), aspects of the ephemeral meadows afferent to the Thero-Brachipodietea (6220), aspects of thermo-Mediterranean vegetation at Euphorbia dendroides and
Chamaerops humilis (5330), Quercus ilex oak forests and their degraded aspects (9340). Drip formations (7220). Formations are present on limestone cliffs
chasmophytic related to the Dianthion rupicolae Brullo & Marcenò. On semi-rugged slopes unsuitable for agricultural crops they have always been and still are present today
holm oak woods belonging to the Quercetea ilicis and their degraded forms, also of great interest, which can be included in the Oleo-Ceratonion alliance or in the formations
thorny shrubs of the Crataego-Prunetea. The valley floor is also interesting, in which - although all the springs have been captured - a certain degree of
humidity even in the dry summer period, which is sufficient to maintain the presence of the Balloto-Melissetum romanae association, a characteristic, albeit not
exclusive of the Hyblaean valleys.
Interesting Hyblean river valley of undoubted landscape as well as naturalistic value. It preserves various aspects of rock vegetation with rare elements and
endemic and thermophilic holm oak woods. In a very anthropized landscape it represents a refuge and nesting area for numerous species of Vertebrates and
invertebrates, performing the function of strategic biodiversity reservoir and area from which any processes of
recolonization of neighboring territories.The flora includes a high percentage of endemics, while the vegetation is enhanced by Quercetum ilicis and its
degraded forms. In addition to the presence of formations dominated by Q. ilex (in the limestone semirupestrian environment at the maximum of expressiveness), the degraded forms here
present - all worthy of great attention for their landscape and naturalistic value - are the communities belonging to the Oleo-Euphorbetum
dendroidis, Salvio-Phlomidaetum fruticosae with the endemic Salvia fruticosa and the rare Phlomis fruticosa and Rubo-Aristolochietum altissimae with the endemic
Aristolochia altissima.The rocky walls are home to the Putorio-Micromerietum microphyllae association, also rich in endemisms such as Putoria calabrica,
Micromeria microphylla, Trachelium lanceolatum, Antirrhinum siculum, Dianthus rupicola, Silene fruticosa, Calendula suffruticosa subsp. suffruticose.
Source: Ministry of the Environment Natura 2000 form
Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero
Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Region of Sicily
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