Capo Calavà (ITA030033)
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Capo Calavà (ITA030033)

Site type: SAC Special Conservation Area  

Code: ITA030033- Hectares: 159

The site includes the homonymous coastal promontory of Capo Calavà located in the territory of Gioiosa Marea (province of Messina), where it extends from the coastal inland, for a total area of ​​152,235 hectares. From a stratigraphic-structural point of view, the area belongs to the Kabilo-Calabride chain and, in in particular, the Calabride Complex and the Aspromonte Unit; they are mainly occhiadini gneisses, paragneisses passing laterally to mica schists, plutonites, microgranites, haplo-pegmatites and felsites (LENTINI et al., 2000). As far as the bioclimate is concerned, the strictly coastal strip falls within the thermo-Mediterranean area (temperature> 16 ° C) sub-humid (rainfall = 600-700 mm), tending inwards towards the mesomediterranean (temperature = 13-16 ° C) sub-humid (rainfall = 600-1000 mm). The vegetal landscape of the coastal strip is dominated by the halophilous and subalophilous communities typical of the rocky cliffs, which they replace towards the interior forest aspects more or less degraded to Quercus suber and scrub vegetation to Erica arborea, sometimes alternating with nuclei of deciduous oaks and crop residues.

Back to topP Euphorbia dendroidsC X R Hierophis viridiflavusC X P Hyoseris taurineR X P Lavandula multifidaR X P Matthiola incana subsp. rupestrisR X P Permitted micromeriaR X P Spotted neotineaR X P Ophrys exaltataR X P Ophrys tenthrediniferaP X P Orchis italicaC X P Orchis lacteaP X P Orchis longicornuP X P Orchis papilionaceae var. grandifloraP X R 1250 Podarcis siculaC X P 1849 ruscus aculeatusP X P Senecio bicolorP X P Serapias languageP X P Spiranthes spiralisP X R Mauritanian Tarentola MauritanianC X I Tasgius falcifer aliquoiP X I Tasgius globulifer evitendusP X A = Amphibians, B = Birds, F = Fish, Fu = Fungi, I = Invertebrates, L = Lichens, M = Mammals, P = Plants, R = ReptilesGroup: for Birds, Annex IV and V species the code as provided in the reference portal should be used in addition to the scientific nameCODE: in case that the data on species are sensitive and therefore have to be blocked for any public access enter: yesS: in case that a species is no longer present in the site enter: x (optional)E.G: i = individuals, p = pairs or other units according to the standard list of population units and codes in accordance with Article 12 and 17 reporting, (see Unit:)reference portal Abundance categories: C = common, R = rare, V = very rare, P = presentCat .: Annex Species (Habitats Directive), National Red List date; endemics; international conventions; other reasonsMotivation categories: IV,V:A:B:C:D:4. SITE DESCRIPTION4.1 General site characterHabitat class% CoverN125.0N095.0N225.0N231.0N1871.0N0810.0N163.0Total Habitat Cover100Other Site CharacteristicsThe site includes the homonymous coastal promontory of Capo Calavà located in the territory of Gioiosa Marea (province of Messina), where it extends from the coastal inland, for a total area of ​​152,235 hectares. From a stratigraphic-structural point of view, the area belongs to the Kabilo-Calabride chain and, in in particular, the Calabride Complex and the Aspromonte Unit; they are mainly occhiadini gneisses, paragneisses passing laterally to mica schists, plutonites, microgranites, haplo-pegmatites and felsites (LENTINI et al., 2000). As far as the bioclimate is concerned, the strictly coastal strip falls within the thermo-Mediterranean area (temperature> 16 ° C) sub-humid (rainfall = 600-700 mm), tending inwards towards the mesomediterranean (temperature = 13-16 ° C) sub-humid (rainfall = 600-1000 mm). The vegetal landscape of the coastal strip is dominated by the halophilous and subalophilous communities typical of the rocky cliffs, which they replace towards the interior forest aspects more or less degraded to Quercus suber and scrub vegetation to Erica arborea, sometimes alternating with nuclei of deciduous oaks and crop residues4.2Quality and importanceThe biotope has a certain flora-fauna, phytocenotic and landscape interest. There are several entities that are rare or believed to be in the regional area significant phytogeographic interest, in turn cited in the list in section 3.3 (D).

 

Source: Ministry of the Environment Natura 2000 form

Ministerial data: Natura 2000 form

Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero

Photo: web

Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Region of Sicily

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