Tripodo Canalone (ITA070015)
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Tripodo Canalone (ITA070015)

Site type: SAC Special Conservation Area / SPA Special Protection Area

Code: ITA070015 - Hectares: 1946

Description:

This area is located in the mountainous and high mountain belt of the south-eastern side of Etna at altitudes between 1000 and 2500 m. The volcanic substrates are
very ancient and host mature and well differentiated vegetational aspects. In fact, among the wood formations, beech woods are found in the north-eastern part, while
in the central and southern one there are chestnut woods, deciduous oak woods with Quercus congesta, holm oaks, mixed oak woods, pine forests with Calabrian pine, juniper
Juniperus hemisphaerica. In the most ancient lava flows the broom woods of Etna are well represented, while in the more recent ones they are found
bushes with Helichrysum italicum and Senecio ambiguus. The highest stations (above 1800 m) on the north-western side are instead colonized by
thorny pulvinary bushes with Astragalus siculus, which above 2000-2200 m are replaced by discontinuous vegetation with Anthemis aetnensis. The climate of
this area in relation to the altitude ranges from the humid supra-Mediterranean to the humid oromediterranean.
4.2Quality and importance
It is an area of ​​considerable naturalistic and landscape interest due to the presence of well-preserved and very varied vegetation aspects. In addition to the presence of
numerous Etna endemisms are found plant formations that often cover large surfaces. In fact, the high environmental biodiversity has its own
expression in the great variety of vegetational aspects linked to well-defined environmental, climatic and microclimatic conditions. The area in fact is
characterized by lava flows and quite ancient skiing, colonized below by very peculiar glareic aspects of a thermophilic character while in the higher altitudes
high they are replaced by orophilous pulvinary formations with a high concentration of endemics. There are also numerous woodland formations including beech,
pine forests, juniper woods, deciduous, evergreen or mixed oak woods, broom woods, while the lava fields devoid of vegetation are not very represented.
an interesting ornithic fauna, which includes rare and very localized species on the island. The entomofauna is also very interesting, especially in relation
to nemoral environments.

 

Ministerial data:  Natura 2000 form

Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero

Photo: web

Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Region of Sicily

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