Bosco d'Alcamo (EUAP0371)
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Bosco d'Alcamo (EUAP0371)

Site type
RNO extension = Oriented Nature Reserve

WDPA / EUAP Codes: 15304 EUAP0371

  • Former Provinces concerned: Drills
  • Municipalities concerned: Alcamo
  • Managing Body: Province of Trapani
  • Institution: DR 206 29/06/1984


Established in 1984, the Alcamo Bosco Oriented Nature Reserve extends along the top of Mount Bonifato, a relief that is part of the vast limestone complex that winds along the west coast of the island between the province of Palermo and Mount Erice. Throughout the ark, the mountain slopes are characterized by a barren and monotonous landscape, dominated by the grayness of the limestone rock.


The Alcamo wood, the result of reforestation carried out from 1921 until the 70s - 80s, is made up of conifers, in particular stone pine (Pinus pinea), Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis) and cypress (Cupressus sempervirens), a to which are associated, in some places, broad-leaved trees such as downy oak (Quercus pubescens), holm oak (Quercus ilex) and ash (), mastic (Pistacia lentiscus), dwarf palm (Chamaerops humilis), butcher's broom (Ruscus aculeatus) , spurge (Euphorbia arborea), acanthus (Acanthus mollis) and common gorse (Osyris alba).

In the clearings there are numerous umbellifers such as wild fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), ferula (Ferula communis) and Apulian tordilio (Tordjlium apulum).

Along the most eroded slopes there is the ampelodesma prairie (Ampelodesmos mauritanicus), a grass that consolidates the soil with its roots, more commonly known as "disa".


Numerous species of birds of prey live in the reserve, including the buzzard (Buteo buteo), the kestrel (Falco tinnunculus), the barn owl (Tyto alba), the little owl (Athene noctua) and the tawny owl (Strix aluco).

The wood is populated by the jay (Garrulus glandarius), the wood pigeon (Columba palumbus), the jackdaw (Corvus monedula), the robin (Erithacus rubecola), the blackbird (Turdus merula), the greenfinch (Carduelis chloris), the serin (Serinus canarius), treecreeper (Certhia brachydaptyla), great tit (Parus major) and blue tit (Cyanistes ceeuleus).

The reserve is also frequented by migratory birds such as turtledove (Streptopelia turtur), quail (Coturnix coturnix), cuckoo (Cuculus canorus) and hoopoe (Upupa epops).

Of note is the presence of the great spotted woodpecker (Picoides major) as a breeder.

Mammals in the area are represented by wild rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), fox (Vulpes vulpes), porcupine (Hystrix cristata), hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus), weasel (Mustela nivalis) and oak mouse (Elyomis quercinus).

Among the reptiles we can mention the rat snake (Hierophis viridiflavus), the viper (Vipera aspis), the field lizard (Podarcis sicula) and the western green lizard (Lacerta bilineata). 

Text source:

Associated Natura 2000 sites:

Monte Bonifato ITA010009

Card insertion: Ignatius Caloggero

Photos and videos: web

Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Web 

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