Woods of San Mauro Castelverde
Site type: SAC - Special Conservation Area
Code: ITA020003 - Hectares: 3559
The SIC area, which covers a total of about 3.481 hectares, mainly affects the municipalities of S. Mauro Castelverde (province of Palermo) and, further east, of Pettineo (province of Messina), including only a small part of the Parco delle Madonie, limited to the area located on the orographic right of the Pollina stream. In the northern part develops the ridge culminating in the peaks of Pizzo dell'Asino (823 m), Pizzo Scarabeo (827 m) and Serre di Calavri (880 m); the site then extends eastwards, incorporating the relief of Pizzo Vuturo (1223 m) and Serra di Prato (1187 m), then continuing southwards, where the peaks of Cozzo Calandra (1026 m), Cozzo dell'Ulmi are also included (968 m), Pizzo Malia (804 m) and Cozzo S. Nicola (682 m). From a geological point of view, it is mainly sandstones and quartzarenites alternating with clays, silty and sandy clays, marls and calcarenites or various shales. On the basis of the Rivas-Martinez classification, the bioclimatic characteristics of the territory can refer to the mesomediterranean thermotype (temperature = 13-16 ° C), with a shadow type varying between subhumid (rainfall: 600-1000 mm) and humid (rainfall: > 1000 mm), gradually tending towards the submontane and montane bands. The plant landscape is mainly characterized by large wooded extensions, mixed with scrubs, shrubs and pastures. Along the hilly slopes it is predominantly characterized by the series of the Sughera (Genisto aristatae-Querco suberis sigmetum), abundantly widespread especially at the lower altitudes, while higher up it gradually replaces other acidophilic series referable to other more mesophilous oak species, with deciduous habitus ; however they are largely represented by secondary aspects, as a result of the use of the territory through the cereal-zootechnical activity.
It is an area of considerable phytocenotic, forest and faunal interest, in which there are also various floristic entities that in the regional area are rare or considered of significant phytogeographic interest.
It falls within the Madonie Park
Card insertion: Ignazio Caloggero
Information contributions: Ignazio Caloggero, Region of Sicily
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